Monitoring should be done internally by city departments and externally, via the participatory monitoring processes (set up in phase 3.2) and community based monitoring activities or independent consultants hired in to audit the strategy.
The Monitoring Committee (MC) will keep an eye on whether implementation is meeting project objectives and has been done in an efficient, effective and sustainable manner. If there are problems, this committee could also discuss with departments issues faced and potential solutions.
The MC will require input from the departments on project progress: regular reports on a quarterly basis allow the MC to keep track of progress. The departments should also provide annual reports, which will report on projects and the achievement of project indicators.
The MC will have to establish good working relationships with the departments. They are a body that oversees progress, but they should also work with departments to improve project implementation.
The city should continue to monitor progress, to collect monitoring data, and to report on progress. These reports should be issued regularly by department heads, and should be instrumental in making adjustments to priorities and to the strategy.
For evaluation, it is important that this has credibility for those who need to use its results. Internal evaluation can be very useful for management and as an input to an external evaluation (called self-evaluation), but for external partners such as financing agencies and development agencies it is important to also have an independent evaluation. This will be valuable because of unbiased feedback, building of external credibility, and as an input to ongoing review and adjustment.
This Table presents a results framework for mainstreaming gender and urban poverty in CDS processes. It includes principal accomplishments and possible outputs.
Note: Specific outputs, and actors involved in producing these outputs, will vary depending on local requirements and capacities.
Table adapted from UN-Habitat 2015b: 41-48 UN-Habitat policy and plan for gender equality and the empowerment of women in urban development and human settlements : 2014-2019.
Project implementation may, at some point, face unexpected problems or engender negative impacts. This might necessitate the city to commission research or studies to explore a particular problem and propose mitigation measures. The city will hire consultants or local universities to execute analytical studies and to integrate the information into their strategies and projects.