Monitoring should be done internally by city departments and externally, via the participatory monitoring processes (set up in phase 3.2) and community based monitoring activities or independent consultants hired in to audit the strategy.

The Monitoring Committee (MC) will keep an eye on whether implementation is meeting project objectives and has been done in an efficient, effective and sustainable manner. If there are problems, this committee could also discuss with departments issues faced and potential solutions.

The MC will require input from the departments on project progress: regular reports on a quarterly basis allow the MC to keep track of progress. The departments should also provide annual reports, which will report on projects and the achievement of project indicators.

The MC will have to establish good working relationships with the departments. They are a body that oversees progress, but they should also work with departments to improve project implementation.

The city should continue to monitor progress, to collect monitoring data, and to report on progress. These reports should be issued regularly by department heads, and should be instrumental in making adjustments to priorities and to the strategy.

For evaluation, it is important that this has credibility for those who need to use its results.  Internal evaluation can be very useful for management and as an input to an external evaluation (called self-evaluation), but for external partners such as financing agencies and development agencies it is important to also have an independent evaluation.  This will be valuable because of unbiased feedback, building of external credibility, and as an input to ongoing review and adjustment.

This Table presents a results framework for mainstreaming gender and urban poverty in CDS processes. It includes principal accomplishments and possible outputs.
Note: Specific outputs, and actors involved in producing these outputs, will vary depending on local requirements and capacities.

Expected pro-poor and gender-sensitive accomplishments Possible outputs
Legislation and governance
Cities (and national) authorities have increased capacities for participatory and accountable pro-poor and gender sensitive urban planning and governance 1) Gender responsive advisory services given

2) National and local urban legal assessments undertaken

3) Gender–responsive guidelines, tools and best practice documents produced

Strengthened local institutions that enable women and girls safe and autonomous access to quality city services, public spaces and all forms of mobility, as a precondition for active and meaningful participation in urban planning, management and governance 1) Advisory services on women and girls’ safety given

2)Local assessments of women and girls’ safety undertaken

3) Guidelines, tools and good practices on women and girls safety documented and produced

Access to land and natural resources
Gender disparities in the access to resources by youth and the urban poor reduced 1) Projects on women’s economic empowerment

2) Development of youth and local economic development assessment tools

Secure, non-discriminatory and equitable access, use and control of land established for all, through the development and utilization of pro-poor, gender-responsive, scaleable land tools 1) Gender-responsive land and pro-poor policies formulated and implemented

2) Gender evaluation undertaken

3) Gender-responsive capacity development for government and non-state actors developed and conducted

Urban planning and design
Strengthened capacities of city (and regional and national) authorities to develop and adopt gender-responsive plans and designs for compact, socially inclusive, integrated and connected cities and neighbourhoods 1) National urban policies to set guidelines for sustainable urban development, poverty reduction and gender equality

2) Guidelines for gender-sensitive and inclusive public open spaces

Improved capacity of city (and regional and national) authorities to adopt gender-responsive policies and strategies that contribute to the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change 1) Checklist for mainstreaming gender in climate change vulnerability assessments

2) Linkages with networks of organizations working to Incorporate a gender perspective in all climate change policies and initiatives

Urban basic services
Increased capacity of local (as well as regional and national) authorities to implement gender-sensitive policies for increasing equitable access to urban basic services 1) Field projects aimed at strengthening the capacity of local, regional and national authorities to implement gender-sensitive policies for increasing equitable access to urban basic services

2) Advisory services to partner countries on gender-sensitive urban basic services

3) Training/workshops on gender-sensitive policies for increasing equitable access to urban basic services

Housing and slum upgrading
Inclusive, rights-based, results-based and sustainable housing, slum upgrading and prevention strategies at city and community levels mainstreamed 1) Capacity building workshops on gender and human rights mainstreaming with partners at the national level.

2) Consultations with governments and national statistical bureaus on collection of disaggregated data.

3) Hiring of gender consultants or appointment of Gender Focal Points, where relevant

Partnerships at city and community level for sustainable and inclusive housing, slum upgrading and prevention strengthened


1) Training of residents upgrading committees and implementation partners on the collection of disaggregated data.

2) Consultations with municipal governments, service providers, NGOs, and other city-level stakeholders on the collection of disaggregated data.

Risk reduction and rehabilitation
Cities and partner organizations with improved capacity for gender responsiveness to manage disaster risk reduction and resilience programs Improved local capacities for gender responsiveness in risk reduction and resilience programs
Improved capacity of partner organizations to deliver gender-responsive shelter rehabilitation programs contributing to disaster-resilient permanent housing. Improved local capacities for gender responsiveness in shelter programs

Table adapted from UN-Habitat 2015b: 41-48 UN-Habitat policy and plan for gender equality and the empowerment of women in urban development and human settlements : 2014-2019.

Project implementation may, at some point, face unexpected problems or engender negative impacts. This might necessitate the city to commission research or studies to explore a particular problem and propose mitigation measures. The city will hire consultants or local universities to execute analytical studies and to integrate the information into their strategies and projects.

Recommended tool:

OECD-DAC evaluation questions